Mareo tipo vértigo

vertigo

El vértigo es una patología muy frecuente. Aparece bruscamente. Todo te da vueltas y tienes una sensación nauseosa. Es frecuente que aparezcan episodios de manera repetida. A lo largo de varios post vamos a hablar de la causa más frecuente de vértigo: el vértigo posicional o postural. Trataremos de explicaros qué es, por qué se produce y qué podéis hacer para tratarlo.

¿Qué es el vértigo posicional?

El vértigo se caracteriza por la aparición brusca de una sensación de giro de objetos (“todo me da vueltas”) acompañados de naúseas y en ocasiones de vómitos.

Es frecuente que notes empeoramiento con los movimientos de cabeza y los cambios posturales, mejorando tras estar un rato en la misma posición. Los movimientos que con mayor frecuencia desencadenan el vértigo son levantarse de la cama o darse la vuelta, agachar la cabeza o extender el cuello. Hay personas que se sienten ligeramente mareadas e inestables al caminar o hacer actividades cotidianas.

El episodio suele resolverse de forma espontánea pasados unos días. No obstante, puede ocurrir que se convierta en un problema crónico y recidivante. Hay veces que dura semanas, meses o incluso años.

¿Por qué se produce?

La mayoría de las veces el vértigo posicional es de causa idiopática, es decir, desconocida. Se cree que la causa está en el oído interno. Se debe a unas partículas llamadas otolitos u otoconias que flotan libremente en el interior de los canales semicirculares. Al mover la cabeza, estas partículas se desplazan hacia el utrículo, donde están las células con sensores del equilibrio, provocando un estímulo desproporcionado en dichos sensores. Cuando estas partículas vuelven a su sitio y dejan de estimular a las células del equilibrio, el vértigo desaparece.

Otras causas de vértigo son la postraumática, la infecciosa (laberintitis vírica), la enfermedad de Menière, el reposo prolongado en cama, la ototoxicidad por sustancias o la otitis media crónica.

¿Necesito que me hagan alguna prueba para diagnosticarme?

No se necesita ninguna prueba especial para hacer el diagnóstico. Únicamente con la exploración y los síntomas tu médico podrá diagnosticarte.

Tu médico te hará una exploración neurológica y otorrinolaringológica completa. Cuando hay un vértigo posicional, puedes oírle decir que en la exploración te ha detectado un “nistagmo”. No te preocupes, esto no es más que un signo frecuente en los vértigos posicionales. Consiste en un movimiento ocular y puede orientar el diagnóstico.

Una de las pruebas que puede realizar tu médico al explorarte es la de Dix-Halpike. Tu médico te pedirá que te sientes en la camilla con las piernas estiradas. A continuación se realizan giros con la cabeza que pueden reproducir la sensación vertiginosa.

¿Qué tratamiento debo hacer?

  1. Tratamiento médico: Para el vértigo posicional se puede iniciar tratamiento con supresores vestibulares: sulpirida (Dogmatil®) o betahistina (Serc®). Si tienes muchas naúseas o vómitos puede que te recomiende un tratamiento con algún antiemético.
  2. Tratamiento con maniobras de recolocación de partículas.
  1. Ejercicios de reeducación vestibular: Estos ejercicios si se hacen de forma continua y persistente, son muy eficaces a la hora de conseguir reducir el número de episodios de vértigo. Es frecuente que cuando uno siente ya mejoría, se confíe y deje de realizarlos, lo que es un error. Conviene ser constante y realizarlos todos los días, no te llevarán más de 5 minutos.
    Pinche aquí para descargar algunos ejercicios. 

 

 
¿Cómo suele evolucionar el vértigo?

Normalmente el vértigo cura de manera espontánea. Cuando se realizan las maniobras de reposición vestibular, suele durar menos días. Es frecuente la aparición de episodios de manera recidivante con mayor o menor periodicidad. La ejecución diaria de los ejercicios de rehabilitación vestibular puede lograr que esos episodios sean menos frecuentes.

Marta Cano Pazos
Médico residente, Centro de Salud Arturo Eyries, Valladolid


REFERENCIAS:

  • Bhattacharyya N, Baugh RF, Orvidas L, Barrs D, Bronston LJ, Cass S, et al.; American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Clinical practice guideline: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;139(5 Suppl 4):S47-81. PubMedPMID: 18973840
  • Hall SF, Ruby RR, McClure JA. The mechanics of benign paroxysmal vertigo. J Otolaryngol. 1979;8(2):151-8. PubMed PMID: 430582

Revisado: septiembre 2019

489 comentarios en “Mareo tipo vértigo”

  1. Excellent article. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hello there, You have done an incredible job. I will definitely digg it and in my view
    recommend to my friends. I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this web site.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post Buy Ozempic

  2. It is easily installed on a wide variety of mobile devices through the application marketplaces of these systems.

    What is new in this release:

    Bug fixes and other improvements.

    What is new in this version:

    Version 1.1.1 has been released:

    The current version is available without the need to input a captcha. A browser is required.

    The application is more stable now, in both the Android and IOS versions of Brainteaser. https://crimsubcmeanpu.weebly.com

    6add127376 ugolmars

  3. Download DragLock now. Or, just pick it up and call it the future.In this episode of the Diana Award Podcast, Dr. Alan Beale joins us to discuss the concept of euthanasia, and ethical and legal considerations surrounding the topic. What does Assisted Suicide/Euthanasia mean? What is it’s history and precedence? Who is the terminally ill patient? How should…

    …last resort? Should the control of dying and death devolve solely to people http://contacts.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https://mandwittnamor.weebly.com

    6add127376 bastprom

  4. As you can see, SysInfoTools NSF Merge is an extremely efficient and convenient utility that helps you combine and merge NSF databases. Moreover, the integrated search function helps you locate a database in a less than a moment.

    sysinfo tools nsf merge will be simply the greatest tutorial i’ve at any time discovered. it may be apparent, but certainly not a lot of tutorials supply info on AN EXCEPTIONAL number of matters. and the information got on this post https://houchidanpea.weebly.com

    6add127376 filovehi

  5. It will check to make sure that the Hotmail application has entered the correct values into Windows to allow the program to work properly. If the values are incorrect, the program will not function properly and can cause issues with your email account.
    It will also verify that Hotmail is correctly set as the default mailer for your account in Windows. If this is the case, the program will return a message stating that the Hotmail profile has been saved correctly. If this isn’t the case, the https://kaysthetemto.weebly.com

    6add127376 mantagre

  6. . This is similar to what happened before
    2017, when a few thousand people became unemployed as a result of corporate
    concentration in the media sector. The loss of jobs has had almost no effect on
    the overall share of wealth in the hands of the top 1% – fortunes have been
    accumulated and concentrated with the wealthiest people in society not seeing
    any difference in the position that they would be if there was no recession.

    The kind of wealth that the top http://62.152.112.91/PageAction.do?servizio=security&metodo=iFrame&URL=https://zoppglicolor.weebly.com

    6add127376 baptvyrn

  7. You can download PCVice from here

    A:

    At the end of the day, this isn’t as difficult as you might think.

    You’re going to have to do some basic configuring of the system
    based on the programs you want to limit your kids from running
    You’re going to be entering the same command into the keyboard
    (unless you use an interactive link)

    I’ll provide a list (first the system, then the program to be https://weiliocundest.weebly.com

    6add127376 bernlaq

  8. Aiseesoft Photo to DVD Creator is a powerful and easy-to-use tool which allows you to rip or convert movies to DVD formats including DVD video, DVD audio and DVD images, and convert them to almost all video/audio formats. It helps you edit the picture, change the VIDEO_TS folder, customize output titles and add your photos as backgrounds, creating DVD discs that are close to the professional quality.

    The simple to use interface allows you to create, edit https://venhomarskins.weebly.com

    6add127376 schjess

  9. Most of the features of the application are also available as free add-ons, including editing clips, inserting the watermark and coloring its shape.
    Okdo Ppt Pptx to Jpeg Converter

    Okdo Ppt Pptx to Jpeg Converter is a simple software which offers you the ability to export your PowerPoint files in other formats. The company also supplies a full list of additional functions, including various sort options, context-sensitive help, and the possibility of https://www.bausch.kr/ko-kr/redirect/?https://abdeparsau.weebly.com

    6add127376 greizen

  10. To activate the screen saver simply close your computer manually or switch your computer to the “stand-by” power mode.
    February 03, 2019, by
    Rosijna

    nfsNewYear03 is a screensaver that will display an animated clock and a New Year’s greeting.
    A round clock with Roman numerals on a background of red color, two burning candles and New Year glass toys create a magic atmosphere and remind you of the coming holidays.
    A very nice and https://loforsoka.weebly.com

    6add127376 belydiet

  11. You’ve probably heard of MyPaint, Paint.NET, GIMP, and others. However, your favorite painting tool may not be as well known or appreciated as it should be in some quarters. Canvas on linux is a simple, easy-to-use painting program.

    There are a couple of ‘gems’ in the Canvas team’s release

    Search: Canvas allows you to search for images on your system or network. This is https://hamremowalk.weebly.com

    6add127376 ashyile

  12. It features an interactive layout engine based on the Codata algorithm, a set of methods to connect various elements (e.g. vertices, edges, graphs, force-driven physics elements) with pre-defined constraints, scene specific resolutions and containers.

    Introduction

    Many web sites, web applications and GUI applications can benefit from force-based graph layout algorithms. Force-based graph visualization is the process of placing graph elements of different shapes (and in some cases, also non-t https://maps.google.es/url?q=https://vapofordpho.weebly.com

    6add127376 ellkir

  13. One of the biggest trends in the design industry is typography. The ultimate goal of the type or font is that it’s easy to read and fast to recognize. With that being said, there is one easy thing you can do to get started on your journey.
    The majority of the time I am stuck on an idea for the design I am creating. At that point I need to know how to properly use some fonts in my designs. I want my designs to have a http://telemail.jp/_pcsite/?des=015660&gsn=0156603&url=https://jayzudichea.weebly.com

    6add127376 elkziry

  14. Computer games are one of the most popular pastimes these days. In fact, game history is quite special as, according to certain sources, it can be dated back to 4,500 B.C.E. in Ancient Egypt. While the term itself refers to a type of entertainment, it is often used as a short-hand label for any type of computer-based game or interactive work. In fact, many famous books were among the first video games.

    The graphical adventure game http://vb.alhilal.com/redirect-to/?redirect=https://mispaeflavde.weebly.com

    6add127376 shiweyl

  15. About The Author

    Glenn D. Moll, M.S.

    A software engineer by a degree, Glenn D. Moll has followed the software industry ever since he was young. His passion for coding and learning led him to love designing apps, and he has a sharp eye for feature-rich downloads and useful tools. When he is not writing useless content on Accelero for your pleasure, you can find him near his beloved beach building his dream house.Q http://godgiven.nu/cgi-bin/refsweep.cgi?https://tiesurifor.weebly.com

    6add127376 quascot

  16. You may also get a bulk discounts. Having this specific software you will minimize the time and work you spending every day in the office. So, go for it and see what this powerful software could do for you!

    Affinity Photo provides enough controls to edit any photo to the level of perfection. Paying little to no attention to the size of one’s monitor, Affinity Photo provides enough controls to colorize, correct, simulate light effects, color balance, contrast, and more. In http://toolbarqueries.google.dk/url?q=https://spordunhaifa.weebly.com

    6add127376 comalay

  17.  To be able to switch desk just by clicking in window titlebar, VirtuaWin became Desk Toolbar Add-On.

    The applications were developed using TechneSoft Visual Studio and compiled using Microsoft Visual C++. It is a Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP 32-bit application. The requirement for this software is Microsoft.Net framework 2.0.

    Main features

    Keyboard shortcuts
    Command Command Name (Quicklist) https://hyvsi.com/upload/files/2022/05/Y5DvBhZyRTZtJqdkw9oP_19_d0d1f714d4ae6ea69b4fe21f85841d48_file.pdf 05e1106874 darrpiri

  18. In addition, the code assistant is used when you save your code.
    SASSIL COBLE is a user-friendly application with an intuitive interface that you can learn on your own.The Dreamland Express

    The Dreamland Express was a UK-based night club and music venue formerly situated at 155 Curtain Road, Runcorn, Cheshire. It operated between 1997 and 2003, and its stage regularly hosted acts including Lauryn Hill, Beastie Boys, Faithless, Bas https://www.jesusnanak.com/upload/files/2022/05/gatIgy9CmxFoOVieTFmy_19_9983c2d92986f365d010a785ace0db17_file.pdf 05e1106874 divtor

  19. With this quality control library, you can support the development of your program with few lines of code, while maintaining the flexibility to receive available updates.
    Grab Image ActiveX Control is designed to help you represent and provide image capture modes as well as multi-disc functions that present a wide variety of options.
    The tool allows you to use any frame size and save it in several image formats, such as JPG, BMP, PNG, GIF, TIFF, PBM, PGM https://www.keyholestudios.com/profile/casareborseri/profile
    66cf4387b8 anlkahl

  20. Have fun creating bootable CDs with the Xp Booster software. This easy-to-use application allows you to produce bootable USB and FC
    Blues Reaver 20.03.2008 | 23.2 Mb
    Code: C5-903-4414-8514
    Blues Reaver is a reliable and efficient application designed to help you manage the operating system’s registry to a personalize or reconfigure the system’s available settings, which consist https://www.heritagenet.org/profile/Muvee-Autoproducer-61-Product-Key-11/profile
    66cf4387b8 sernoc

  21. We need to have more stability and personnalization on our gmail accounts, in order to get the security level in which it is possibl to reach. There is a need to also guarantee a level of privacy, as well as getting full control about the pop3 service.
    The solution, of course, is that Gmail should have a jabber 2.0 support.
    Some times ago we had the great news of the support for the jabber protocol by google. Because https://touky.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/nandole.pdf
    ec5d62056f pantsabr

  22. How to Crack and Instant Download If you want to run Okdo Pdf to Tiff Converter on Mac OS platform, you can use this simple tool. With this output, you can easily convert your PDF files to JPEG, TIF, or many other formats. Okdo Pdf to Tiff Converter is Very easy to use. Here, you only need to select PDF option, which allows you to add PDF files you wish to convert. There are many different Settings for Tiff format. https://albaganadera.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/peplavy.pdf
    ec5d62056f jacidal

  23. ***ALBUM ART DOWNLOADER PORTABLE v1.2+***
    Album Art Downloader Portable v1.2+ is a file manager which allows you to organize your photos or music files, as you wish.
    It allows you to browse the folders in a picture library, organize albums, rename files, etc. If you want to organize music, you can make a list of all music files inside, and mark which you want to keep with a double- https://www.repaintitalia.it/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/rexjeri.pdf
    ec5d62056f chaijal

  24. Special Delivery icon pack

    Regular price: $1.00 Regular price: $1.00

    Download.packagesize

    Android Icon Pack

    Android’s new interface is simply huge and a bit boring. So, we decided to bring something totally new for your devices. Having used an unfortunantely leaked preview picture, this icon pack is based upon the set of 5 icons on the left on that photo.

    Along with the plain icons, you will have http://texocommunications.com/?p=984
    ec5d62056f chercla

  25. Image Buffering and Light Thief from Natura is a small software utility with some pretty advanced hardware monitoring functions.
    This application queries the onboard camera, webcam and microphone, so you can rest assured that everything is working fine when you use this application. In fact, you can be notified if there is a problem with your device.
    If there are no issues, the program will show a “heartbeat” logo on the screen and will switch to a color slow light flashing, once https://ipe888.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/ubolnan.pdf
    ec5d62056f jarloli

  26. In addition, the software provides access to its own decrypted content and logs.
    DelegateControl is a mini antivirus and solution to lock an unwanted app from your Mac. The App can work in stealth mode on your Mac system and it prevents the app from loading while it is running. Therefore, you can use the program to keep an eye on the activities of your child, monitor the daily tasks, protect your social media or protect your Mac from viral threats. You can also use the application https://aptoserhaicom.wixsite.com/dinemode/post/digital-insanity-keygen-link
    ec5d62056f leongerh

  27. Deezimage is a straightforward application that allows you to change size images, compress files. There is no need for an individual to be tech-savvy in order to use the professional utility. Supported formats include JPG, BMP, PNG, GIF, PSD, APNG, CR2, CRW, RAW, MP4. The software can merge multiple files into one, and/or change the compression factor.
    Deezimage makes use of super fast parallel image utilities https://confiseriegourmande.be/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/fylbbald.pdf
    ec5d62056f wynnat

  28. It is a program that won’t get on your nerves, helps you quickly and without errors.

    ADDVLS is audio-video software created and published by Nick Marti. It belongs to the category: CD/DVD Media Tools, and its current version is 1.0.
    This freeware comes as a ZIP file and is distributed as a self-extracting archive. The archive includes one application executable file (.exe) and some required DLL files. All in http://powervapes.net/7-loader-1-9-2-chew-wga-1-1-wat-remover-2-2-6-watermark-0-8-crack-top/
    ec5d62056f naiuns

  29. PDMA Data Access is an application used to fetch information about a set of data from the PDMA Web site This software retrieves the data and stores them in an Access database.
    The downloaded data can be then be formatted and visually analyzed using MS Access.
    The application features:-
    – A list view
    – A grid view
    – A pivot view
    – A waterfall view.
    – A modal dialog which https://cambodiaonlinemarket.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/saliray.pdf
    ec5d62056f wilamari

  30. Similar software shotlights:

    Password Generator 1.0 — An easy-to-use yet powerful solution to generate your passwords. The password list can be generated conveniently from many sources and is saved in plain text format to your computer.

    Basic Password Generator 4.0 — A password generator application. It automatically creates a password for you which is highly Secure, Simple and Safe. Free Download of Basic Password Generator 4.0 Create Secure Password & Login for Free. https://csvcoll.org/portal/checklists/checklist.php?clid=8355
    ec5d62056f palcal

  31. You can also create a dialog box from an AutoLISP file. You can output the project to an AutoLISP program, HTML file and PDF file.
    .
    ALSO:
    Adobe Reader 8.0, Windows

    ObjectDCL Insert is a reliable and easy to use designing environment that allows you to build GUI elements, especially dialog boxes for your software. You may also create forms, panes or dockable windows, by selecting their presets or by building https://serv.biokic.asu.edu/pacific/portal/checklists/checklist.php?clid=3533
    ec5d62056f lorinanc

  32. Reviews

    The time zones theme is really detailed, and includes links to Wikipedia to learn more about each timezone (for example the major time zones of the world get Wikipedia links to their pages). Which is nice to know about the time zones before you start running around the world

    The time zones theme is one of my favorites right now. I use it extensively as a personal planner, and find it so helpful to know when the time zone will change, and where it will https://senso.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Basketball.pdf
    50e0806aeb sakabur

  33. It gets something right in the setting of looking like a regular software and presenting it as a clean and functional application.
    It also covers most functions required when creating slideshows, and adding images is quick and easy. However, it could benefit from the refactoring of the interface so that it looks modern and the mini slide window is not so small. Overall, Free Photo Slide Show is an application suitable for non-technical users with basic photo editing skills, and it is available to download at https://www.stagefinder.nl/uncategorized/pc-equalizer-7427-for-windows-2022/
    50e0806aeb yesdarr

  34. Is your computer running slow and you think it might be infected with malware? It’s not unheard of, and you probably already know the symptoms — maybe even when you see them. This is usually when you fire up System Restore and start the whole system rolling back to an earlier time when your computer http://www.goldenglowyoga.ie/?p=9098
    50e0806aeb garlyale

  35. However, you need to be really careful when you choose one of the available themes.Friday, April 26, 2015

    After my recent blog posts, you’d think I’d understand that the everyday environment isn’t always safe for our kiddos. For this reason, we are particularly vigilant about security. We are not worried about random attacks, such as a random car hitting our kid at a stop sign. We’re worried about those attacks that are planned out… from things like booby https://www.meselal.com/aas-worldwide-telescope-crack-with-full-keygen-free/
    50e0806aeb heddgol

  36. So if you’re looking for a desktop that can’t be ignored then you’d better turn in your computer for a refresh.
    For a free installation, this desktop theme brings you impressive effects while the animated background will show you the full range of an endless journey. Big trees and trees planted in the grass (areas for convoys), live with moss hanging from the mount. It is very interesting a clear planet covered with moss or water. Do you like nature and want to see it exactly the https://advantageequestrian.com/2022/06/windows-media-player-backup4all-plugin-crack-serial-number-full-torrent-latest/
    50e0806aeb jennbet

  37. There is no limit to how many times the quiz may be played.
    At the end of the quiz, the score is recorded in the upper left corner as a percentage of answers correct.
    Math Games – Multiplication is designed for everyday students of elementary education, students of all ages, and also for students who are trained in traditional multiplication tables but are challenged with memorizing multiplication tables for higher numbers.
    What sets this program apart from the dozens of other multiplication memorization software on the market https://ipayif.com/upload/files/2022/06/3GfItPIOvv3IxtKxY4RN_06_4555e84c9f6e8072ef1ae0e825f2a34f_file.pdf
    50e0806aeb candyud

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: